Posts tagged with "low-calorie sweeteners"

Myth

Low- and no-calorie sweeteners increase appetite.

Fact

Low- and no-calorie sweeteners have no effect on appetite, but here’s how they can help. Since they make low-calorie foods and beverages tastier, they make it easier to follow a lower-calorie regimen. This is well established among those who strive to eat a balanced diet. The federal government’s National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) found that people who eat a balanced diet are also likely to drink low- and no-calorie beverages. Results from the government’s Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals and the Diet Health and Knowledge Survey reveal that people who consume low-calorie foods and beverages are more aware of what they eat, eat a more balanced diet and consume fewer daily calories.

Source: The Journal of Nutrition & Journal of Food Science.

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Myth

Drinking low- and no-calorie beverages leads to a desire for sweets.

Fact

Scientific research in humans shows that sugar substitutes do not cause sweet cravings, nor do they cause hunger. In the recent Choose Healthy Options Consciously Everyday (CHOICE) study, researchers compared low- and no-calorie beverages with water and found that neither caused food cravings. In fact, the diet beverage drinkers ate less dessert than those who drank water alone. Meanwhile, a scientific review paper that gathered the findings of multiple studies done with children and teens as participants found no evidence that low- and no-calorie sweeteners prompted snacking or overeating at meals.

Source:The British Journal of Nutrition, The Journal of Nutrition, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, & International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 

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Myth

The low-calorie sweetener, aspartame, is unsafe.

Fact

Aspartame is a commonly used low-calorie sweetener that has been extensively tested and declared safe by governmental and independent organizations all over the world. Both the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) have found it to be safe for use in foods and beverages.

In fact, EFSA reaffirmed that aspartame is safe for consumption by the general population as recently as December 2013. This opinion is based on the most comprehensive risk assessments of aspartame to-date.

According to decades of scientific research, aspartame can be an effective tool in both weight loss and weight management. It is also recommended as a sugar substitute by the American Diabetes Association.

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Q & A

Q: Are low-calorie sweeteners safe?

A: Foods and beverages use many types of low-calorie sweeteners. Despite some of the internet myths that may end up in your inbox, these low-calorie sweeteners are safe. In fact, they have been approved by regulatory agencies around the world, including the World Health Organization, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), as safe for use in foods and beverages.

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Q & A

Q: Does aspartame cause cancer?

A: No

People have safely consumed products containing aspartame for more than thirty years. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) of the World Health Organization (WHO) and regulatory agencies in more than 100 countries have reviewed aspartame and found it safe for use. The American Medical Association, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly the American Dietetic Association) and the American Diabetes Association also recognize aspartame as safe.

The sweetener has been tested continuously since its introduction and its safety has been consistently re-affirmed. A study conducted by government researchers at the National Cancer Institute involved over 500,000 people, including those who drank the equivalent of three or more diet soft drinks every day for almost a decade. It found that there was no increased risk of any type of cancer even among those who consumed the most aspartame. In fact, since aspartame was first introduced, no scientific evidence has been found linking it to any disease in humans.

Source:The U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA Statement on European Aspartame Study

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Q & A

Q: Does drinking diet soda cause weight gain?

A: No. In fact, diet sodas, which are 99 percent water, have been proven to be an effective tool for weight loss and weight maintenance.

When it comes to obesity, all calories count, regardless of their source. Science has shown that the key to maintaining a healthy weight is energy balance, that is balancing calories consumed with calories burned. Many people trying to lose weight often switch to diet beverages that contain low-calorie sweeteners as a way to reduce their caloric intake.

According to the American Diabetes Association and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly the American Dietetic Association), low-calorie sweeteners can help reduce calories and sugar intake and aid in maintaining a healthy weight.

Source:De La Hunty, A., Gibson, S. and Ashwell, M. (2006), A review of the effectiveness of aspartame in helping with weight control. Nutrition Bulletin, 31: 115–128;

American Diabetes Association

Phelan S, Lang W, Jordan D, Wing RR. Use of artificial sweeteners and fat-modified foods in weight loss maintainers and always-normal weight individuals. Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 Oct;33(10):1183-90.

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

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